Scottish Popular Edition

The original Ordnance Survey Popular Edition series was conceived before, but published just after, the First World War. (Maps of England & Wales were published between 1919 and 1926, with the Popular Edition of Scotland following between 1924 and 1932.) These were the first of Ordnance Survey’s series to be conceived from the outset as mass-market products, and the first to be produced in full colour. The result was a radically new series of maps.

If the railways were the transport revolution of the 19th century, the motor car was certainly that of the 20th. The new mapping series had to reflect this. For the first time the gradations of the road network were described, with each route being coloured according to its suitability or otherwise for motor traffic. Twenty times more vehicles were registered in the UK in 1929 compared to 20 years earlier, and many of those who could not afford (or did not dare) to use a car cycled instead. Increased leisure time and rising prosperity fuelled a demand for travel. As a result, accurate, relevant and up to date maps were needed. The Popular Edition provided them.

These Popular Edition of Scotland (published between 1924 and 1932) show the country on the threshold of great change. The roads were threatening the railways, the suburbs were drawing people from the inner cities. Beyond the built-up areas, villages were turning into small towns, often with nearby parks and woods for recreation, while golf courses were in some areas starting to outnumber farms. Although there was still much open countryside containing many reminders of its past, in the Central Lowlands at least the landscape was increasingly dominated by the large urban areas and the roads that connected them. High ground was now represented by contours rather than artistic hachuring; more accurate, less intrusive and more relevant to a society that was now less reliant on travel by horse and cart or on foot. This fascinating map captures the point at which the motor car began to define not only the landscape but also the way it which map-makers represented it.